A Contrastive Analysis of the Basic Sentence Patterns in English and Thai Languages

  • Phramaha Pharadon Suwannarat , Asst. Prof. Dr. P.Vijaya


This paper concentrates with finding the similarities and dissimilarities and describing the
categories of the basic sentence patterns in English and Thai Languages. The researchers used the
descriptive and contrastive methodologies to find out the valid data, after reviewing the data, the researcher
has found out some information based on the analysis. In English, there are four categories namely: simple
sentences, compound sentences, complex sentences, and compound-complex sentences. In writing forms,
each sentence begins with capital letter and ends with a full stop, exclamation mark or question mark.
Moreover, they leave a space between words. In Thai, there are three categories namely: simple sentences,
complex sentences, and compound sentences. In writing forms, each sentence does not have capital or small
letters, and there is no space in between words but a space is required at the end of the sentence before
another sentence begins. In fact, English and Thai come from different family of languages, therefore they
have a lot of different grammatical systems. However, both the languages have the same basic sentence