Scrutinizing the Area of Historical Neighborhoods of Urmia using GIS
The neighborhood has never held a stable meaning in geography and other sciences including urban planning, social sciences and political sciences in the last century. Currently, this concept has witnessed fundamental changes, such that there are has been many discussions regarding the concept and its dimensions. The significance of paying attention to the ancient urban textures on the one hand and the destruction and evacuation of these textures from the population on the other hand further highlights the necessity to organize these textures, to the extent that organizing and protecting the ancient urban textures has become one of the latest criteria for urban enrichment and mobilization of efforts to improve and renovate the historical and ancient textures of the city from within. Urban renovation is a kind of evolution in the conditions of human living environment and urban space that is one of the cultural, economic and social requirements of the new era.
The current neighborhood system in the historical area of Urmia is a very valuable opportunity which can be relied on to improve the quality of urban life and meet the needs of residents and the city, while protecting and preserving the historical and heritage look of the texture.
Achieving the aforementioned goals would not be possible without first scrutinizing the area of neighborhoods. Thus, the purpose of the current study was to identify and scrutinizing the boundaries of the old neighborhoods of the historical context of Urmia and their structure by referring to historical texts, visual and graphic documents, and the natural context of the neighborhoods, among others. The final report is presented using the Geographic Information System (GIS).