Event between Architecture and context in Buildings of Tehran’s Mashq Square

  • Alireza Gholinejad Pirbazari, Ali Akbar Akbari


Purpose: Event between architecture and context is one of the primary subjects in the area of architecture and urban designing. In this study and the first part, the concept of context, as well as the methods of designing like contextualism, regionalism, and typology as direct reactions to the designing context, will be seminally explained. In the second section, certain buildings are selected from Tehran’s Mashq Square that embraces important governmental and state buildings from the prior epochs of Tehran’s previous architecture, especially the first Pahlavi era, so as to try to identify the approaches adopted by the then architects towards prior context in these buildings. The difference between the approaches towards context amongst the first Pahlavi era’s architects and their contemporary western counterparts (international style) is the present study’s question. Methodology: In this study, a combination of the analytical-comparative and field study method in cases has been utilized. Findings: The study results indicated that the first Pahlavi era’s architects have approached context differently from their contemporary western counterparts. Although the studied buildings were found serving new functions, traces of Iran’s past architecture are still seen in the decorations and even in the forms of these buildings. Originality: Differences in approach to context: entry of the imported buildings with novel function from the west; respect for the previous context (more on facade and in Decoration) in Iran and indifference