Skin Resistance Analysis for Chronic Kidney Failure

  • U. Madhanlal, Dr. Moorthi, Dr. S. Manju, Dr. D. Kanchana , K. Sankar, V. Pooja


Kidney dysfunction is characterized with decreased excretion of waste products and fluid buildup in the body causing Dehydration. These symptoms are externally manifested with Xerotic condition in skin due to reduction of sweat glands. Currently, Kidney disease is examined by using Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) by analyzing Serum Creatinine Value from Blood Test. The Proposed Work is aimed to access Skin Resistance by Galvanic Skin Resistance (GSR) Test for screening Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). The Skin resistance Values from Forearms and Feet of   Normal and CKD subjects are evaluated by comparing it with GFR and demographic values. The efficacy of using Skin resistance for screening CKD was assessed by using Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) Curve analysis. The sensitivities and specificities of test were 83.33% and 94.4% for forearms and 85.42% and 94.4% for Feet, respectively. The result of this work ensures non-invasive, fast, and periodical monitoring of the kidney function providing earlier diagnosis of the disease for treatment and reduces medical expenditure.

Keywords- CKD; GFR; GSR; ROC