Evaluation of Electromagnetic Radiation Emitted from Mobile Base Station Towers in Mandalay
Nowadays, electromagnetic radiation (EMR) from mobile base station antennas has increased significantly. Health problems caused by exposure to RF radiation at the base station tower (BST) have been an issue for many years. Therefore, primary awareness is paid to the impact of RF-EMR on human health. Therefore, this paper is based on the measurements of the exposure level on five selected BST in Mandalay. All measurements are taken during day time when the usage of mobile phones is the highest. Scientific measurements of the field of exposures to RF-EMR are conducted and the measured values are compared with the International Commission on Non-ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP). Electromagnetic radiation measurements are performed with Spectrum Analyzer only for GSM 900 and 1800 MHz. The scheme of measurements and the radiation levels are described in this work. All the five mobile tower sites measured in this research are located in Mandalay City, Myanmar. The experimental work confirms that the electromagnetic radiations on the surrounding of these sites are well below the exposure guidelines and therefore the environment is considered safe against electromagnetic radiation.
Keywords- base station tower; electromagnetic radiation; exposure level; spectrum analyzer