The Small-Scale Fisherman Poverty Circle Pattern in Mamuju District, West Sulawesi Province, Indonesia
Geographically, Mamuju Regency has a wide area of fishing waters with a sustainable potential of 40,000 tons per year. However, amid the abundance of marine resources, it is inversely proportional to the welfare of small-scale fishermen in this area, because of the persistent poverty problem. Therefore, this research will describe how the poverty circle pattern of small-scale fishermen in the coastal areas of Mamuju Regency. This research is qualitative using a phenomenological approach. The informants involved are the main informants and additional informants. The main informants are traditional fishermen who live along the coast of Mamuju Regency who still suffer from poverty and are still struggling to make ends meet. Then, additional informants are fishermen's wives, village heads and 'retainer' (owners of capital). Observation, interview and documentation methods were chosen as data collection methods. While the analysis uses an interactive model of data reduction, data presentation and drawing conclusions or verification. The research findings show that the poverty circle of small-scale fishermen on the coast of Mamuju Regency can be viewed from several aspects, namely: a) socio-economic model; b) Socio-cultural; c) Socio-Political; and d) Viewed from a socio-psychological perspective.
Keywords- Fishermen, Poverty Circle, Socio-economic, Political, cultural and psychological.