The Active Ageing in Buddhist Way Index Development of the Elderly in Retired Government Official Group
The objective of this research was to propose the guidelines for the active aging enhancement in Buddhist way for the retirement of elderly. This research was a qualitative research. Data was collected from academic papers, researches and articles. Results of the research showed that 1) the indicators of active aging enhancement according to the 3 components that can be synthesized as follows, the first element was the health status of the retirement of elderly, namely 1) regular exercise, 2) access to health services, 3) physical safety, and 4) good mental health. The second element was the participation of the retirement of elderly, namely 1) conducting volunteer activities, 2) caring for children in the household, 3) caring for the elderly in the household, and 4) political participation. Finally, the third element was security of the retirement of elderly, namely 1) employment after retirement, 2) income after retirement, 3) secure accommodation, and 4) lifelong learning. The construction of the indicators of active aging enhancement in Buddhist way for the retirement of elderly used the doctrine of the 5 Dhamma Age principle to accompany the indicators of active aging enhancement synthesized which were 1) SapphaiGari, 2) SapphaiMuttunyu, 3) ParinotPhochee, 4) Kalachari, and 5) Phrommachari, in order to be a Buddhist practice for creating a way of life that was consistent with the basic needs of life, especially the elderly in all activities of daily life. They will be healthy and will be able to look after themselves. They will be independent. They will accept the reality of life. It was the cessation of their physical and mental suffering during their few remaining periods. It will cause happiness, and they can live with others as usual without any problems.