A Causal Relationship Model of Accessing Academic Positions of Lecturers in Buddhist Universities
The purposes of this research were 1) to study the correlation of a causal relationship model of accessing academic positions of lecturers in Buddhist universities, and 2) to validate and propose a causal relationship model of accessing academic positions of lecturers in Buddhist universities. Mixed methods research using the quantitative research to extend the qualitative research results was used for research design. Key informants were 6 experts of position specification standards, human resource development, and Buddhist studies and they were selected by purposive sampling. For quantitative research, simple random sampling was used and there were 370 samples. Research tools were guideline for interview and questionnaires. Qualitative data were analyzed by using content analysis and analytic induction whereas quantitative data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics and correlation with computer package program. Validation analysis of the causal model and the analysis of direct and indirect effects were used LISREL. Results indicated that 1) the correlation between variables was different from zero at .01 significant level, and there were 105 pairs. Rank of correlation coefficient was between 0.377 to 0.819. The correlation between observed variables showed that all variables were correlated at .01 significant level. 2) A causal relationship model of accessing academic positions of lecturers in Buddhist universities showed that model fit with empirical data ( = 35.09, df = 20, p = .05, GFI = .99, AGFI = .93, RMSEA = .038), accounting for the variations in academic personnel in Thailand 4.0, Buddhist universities equal 100 percent. Two mediators were found consisted of motivation and Buddhist attribute that showed analysis result of indirect effect was higher than direct effect. It can be interpreted that a causal relationship model of accessing academic positions of lecturers in Buddhist universities have motivation and Buddhist attribute as mediators.