Principles of Architectural and Planning Organization of Culturally and Religiously Diverse Spiritual Educational Complexes
— The issue of finding the mechanisms for interaction between different cultures and religions is relevant today for many countries of the world. In the context of globalization, the establishment of intercultural ties is an extremely important process. Despite this, the issue of creating a comfortable multicultural environment for training tolerant, highly educated public and religious figures is still insufficiently researched. The objective of this study is to develop conceptual foundations for the formation of multicultural and polyreligious spiritual educational complexes as a new “universal” enlarged type of spiritual educational institution for representatives of various religions and confessions (Christian, Muslim, Jewish), as well as recommendations regarding their design, taking into account religious and confessional features. During the study, we used theoretical and empirical research methods. Based on that, the principles of the architectural and planning organization of a multicultural polyreligious spiritual educational complex are formulated, where all levels of spiritual education (primary, secondary, higher) and all functions necessary for comprehensive education, as well as intellectual and spiritual development, are presented in a holistic manner. It is concluded that the use of the developed and proposed scientific principles in the design of these objects will contribute to the formation of a harmonious multicultural and polyreligious educational environment, an increase in the religious tolerance in society, the achievement of cultural and religious unity, a decrease in the level of intolerance since when a person is formed and lives in a tolerant environment there are no obvious reasons for aggression.